Time Management Guidance

Time management is the ability to plan and consciously allot the time spent on specific activities, especially to increase effectiveness, efficiency and productivity. Time management is a skill that is very essential to develop for a fulfilling stress-free life, and is best cultivated in the early years of life. During adolescence, developing a schedule which is managed well in terms of the allotment of time, will not only enhance an individual’s productivity as a student, but also his/her overall personality by allowing him/her to designate adequate time to extra-curricular activities, hobbies, social engagements, etc. Furthermore, good time management also significantly impacts academic performance, enabling an adolescent to arrange priorities, set goals, remain organized for the examination periods, which in turn help to reduce stress and enhance performance. Time management may be aided by a range of skills, tools, and techniques used to manage time when accomplishing specific tasks and goals.


Some of these strategies that can be adopted by adolescents are:


  • Scheduling Tasks: Before the start of the day, enlisting all the tasks that need to be completed. Making a simple 'To Do' list based on attainable goals helps to give a structure to the day and boosts productivity.
  • Prioritizing Work: Once enlisted, make a list of tasks that need immediate attention to prevent unimportant tasks from consuming one's time and further, plan the procedure to complete these.
  • Avoiding Procrastination: Procrastination or deliberately delaying/postponing things hampers the productivity of an individual, causing wastage of time and energy.
  • Setting up Deadlines: Try to set realistic deadlines for each task and adhere to them. One can set the deadline in advance before the task is begun, so that one is able to plan well and complete other tasks that may come along the way.
  • Avoiding Multitasking: It is usually believed that multitasking is an efficient way of getting things done, however, research suggests that things focused upon one at a time, will be completed more effectively. Multitasking can sometimes leads to deterioration in productivity and may actually cause excessive time consumption.
  • Starting Early: Starting early is helpful in increasing the 'working time' duration. Also it gives one an edge to plan the day in advance, remaining calm and well managed. Majority of the taxing work can be completed in the earlier hours, as lower energy level in the later part of the day may affect the productivity and performance of an individual.
  • Taking Breaks: Taking short breaks of 10-15 minutes every few hours, is essential to relax the body and mind to improve one's functionality.  Such breaks can include taking a walk, listening to soothing music, practicing deep breathing, practicing awareness based meditation, consuming fruits, etc.


“He who every morning plans the transaction of the day and follows out the plan, carries a thread that will guide him through the labyrinth of the most busy life.“ - Victor Hugo